What is Antral Gastritis?
It is a disorder of immunity that affects the digestive system. It is an inflammation of the antral portion of the stomach which starts at the mucosa and involves the submucosa and extends into the serosa. It is usually caused due to buildup of bacteria in the stomach. The main symptom of antral gastritis is indigestion.
Antral Gastritis Causes
The condition usually arises due to a buildup of bacteria in the stomach. However, it may also result from other factors like:
Picture 1 - Antral Gastritis
- A viral infection
- An injury to the stomach
- Excessive stress
- Certain medications
The disorder usually arises with an inflammation in the lower part of the stomach or antrum. The antrum discharges the contents of the stomach into the intestines. When this section gets inflamed, an individual starts experiencing discomforts in the stomach. As a result, the food in the stomach does not get digested properly. Consequently, gases start to buildup in the stomach and result in flatulence and bloating.
Antral Gastritis Symptoms
The condition gives rise to problems like:
The excess gas in the stomach causes bloating, which makes one uncomfortable. This discomforting feeling arises especially when one sits down for meals. An affected person suffers from a sensation of fullness even when he/she has not been able to finish the meal.
Indigestion is more common and is one of the primary symptoms of this type of Gastritis. When the stomach lining gets inflamed, it affects the process of normal digestion and also the emptying of food into the intestines. The inflammation gives rise to a burning sensation in the stomach in the upper abdomen.
The inflammation is mainly isolated in the lower portion of the stomach. The process of emptying the food is affected and some undigested portions of the food are emptied into the intestines. Once these undigested foods reach the digestive tract they start to release gases as they start to ferment and produce bloating and flatulence. It also leads to build up of air in the stomach in excess and causes belching and burping.
Nausea is often accompanied by indigestion. When the inflammation occurs, the body reacts to the condition by causing nausea even when the stomach is empty. The nausea can occur in intensities varying from mild to severe and can also lead to some amount of vomiting. With time, an affected person suffers from loss of appetite. In some cases, the vomit may contain traces of blood.
The disease causes some changes in the stool. When the stomach lining gets inflamed the stool may turn dark and tarry. This is an indication that the linings of the digestive tract is bleeding. In this condition medical help is required immediately.
Antral gastritis Treatment
If bacterial infection is detected as the underlying cause, doctors may prescribe antibiotics. Antacids may be prescribed to eliminate the symptoms completely. Affected individuals are usually diagnosed with the help of endoscopy.
Picture 2 - Antral Gastritis Image
Allopathic medications used for the treatment of the disorder include Antacids, H2 blockers, antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors and antidiarrheal agents. However, these drugs may give rise to certain side effects like:
- Aluminum poisoning
- Impotence and Gynaecomastia (in young males)
- Contraindicated Hepatic Dysfunction
- Complete discoloration of teeth
Dietary & Lifestyle Changes
There are some changes in diet and lifestyle that one can adopt to help treat antral gastritis in chronic conditions. Know about such modifications.
- Eating habits should be altered. Meals should not be too large and should be taken at smaller intervals to stop the secretion of stomach acid. The food should be chewed properly before swallowing it. Foods should be light, non greasy, less fatty and not too fired as it can delay the emptying of stomach. Irritating foods such as onion, pepper, mustard powder and curry should be avoided as they do not help in curing the inflammation of the mucosa. Foods must be broken, soft, fine and rotten. Nutritious, protein-rich and high vitamin foods must be included into the diet.
- Alcohol irritates and erodes the mucous lining of the stomach cause inflammation and bleeding.
- Avoid taking pain killers. Some of these may lead to stomach inflammation or make an existing inflammation more severe.
- Weight should be maintained as heartburn, constipation and bloating are more common in obese people. Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the symptoms.
- Exercising regularly will increase your breathing and heart rate which will stimulate the activities of intestinal muscles that helps to move food wastes through your intestines more quickly.
- Stress accelerates the production of stomach acid and slow digestion. One must practice yoga for relaxation. One must also exercise regularly, eat nutritious food that charges up your immune system and makes you calm.
- Stop smoking as it interferes with the stomach lining and makes the stomach more prone to Gastritis as well as ulcers. It also maximizes the amount of stomach acid and delays stomach healing. This condition often leads to stomach cancer.
- It is very important to follow the advice of a doctor. If a doctor recommends, you may take antacids to block the recurrence of Gastritis.